(Click on each body part to learn more)
These are the two tubes that connect your ovaries to your uterus. After ovulation, an egg travels from the ovary to the fallopian tube. The egg and sperm meet here for fertilization. Once an egg is fertilized, the embryo spends several more days moving through the Fallopian tubes before implanting in the uterus.
This is your period. If an egg and sperm don’t meet up in the fallopian tube, then the egg disintegrates, and the uterine lining breaks down and is released from the body through your vagina when you menstruate. Your menstrual cycle begins with the first day of bleeding, which is counted as day 1, and ends just before the next menstrual period. The average menstrual cycle is 28 days long, but cycles can vary, typically lasting between 21 to 35 days.
You have two ovaries. They’re about the size of a thumb, and there’s one on each side of your uterus, near the opening of the fallopian tube. Ovaries have two main jobs: producing eggs and producing the hormones estrogen and progesterone.
The cervical canal is the passage sperm travels through to fertilize an egg.
The uterus (also called your womb) is a muscular organ where the fertilized egg implants and the fetus grows during pregnancy. The cells lining the uterus are normally shed every month with the menstrual flow, unless you become pregnant. With pregnancy, the embryo produces a hormone that signals the uterine lining to stay intact to nourish the growing fetus.